By Gerd Gemünden

With six Academy Awards, 4 entries at the American movie Institute s record of a hundred maximum American video clips, and extra titles at the nationwide historical sign up of vintage movies deemed helpful of renovation than the other director, Billy Wilder counts as essentially the most finished filmmakers ever to paintings in Hollywood. movie historians and critics, in addition to his colleagues, have constantly celebrated Wilder as an American grasp from the vintage studio period. but how American is Billy Wilder, the Jewish émigré from relevant Europe? to review Wilder s paintings is to ascertain the transforming of numerous wealthy and sundry cultural sensibilities, formed by means of his adventure of displacement. This booklet underscores those complexities, unpacking underlying contradictions the place prior commentators commonly smoothed them out. Wilder emerges as an artist with roots in sensationalist journalism and the realm of leisure in addition to with an expertise of literary tradition and the avant-garde, good points that bring about effective and infrequently hugely unique confrontations among low and high.

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Extra resources for A Foreign Affair: Billy Wilder's American Films

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As Wilder worked his way up from writer to director and then producer, he greatly enlarged his artistic control and became one of the first directors to have right of final cut, but most critics agree that he produced his best work within the confines and support of the classic studio system, when the Production Code and censorship laws, as well as negotiations with producers, forced him to be at his most creative and inventive. The “Wilder Touch” While it would certainly be a misnomer to label Billy Wilder an auteur— especially in the sense of the 1950s French writers—critics have often invoked a “Wilder Touch” to describe the uniqueness of his films.

Diamond—gender-bending in Some Like It Hot, wifeswapping in Kiss Me, Stupid, prostitution in Irma La Douce, and adultery in Avanti! A central pleasure of all these films is the highly controlled audacity that has accounted for their longevity; they still excite and irritate today. Reading for Exile Billy Wilder has been regarded primarily an American director, and not without justification. He gained his international reputation as a screenwriter and director in Hollywood, and with the single exception of Mauvaise Graine, he wrote and directed all his films in English, primarily as Hollywood productions.

Cain, Cornell Woolrich, and Raymond Chandler, and the Poetic Realism of Marcel Carné, Jean Renoir, and Julien Duvivier. According to Paul Schrader’s hugely influential “Notes on Noir” (1972), directors such as Fritz Lang, Robert Siodmak, Otto Preminger, Fred Zinnemann, William Dieterle, Anatole Litvak, Edgar Ulmer, Rudolph Maté, Curtis Bernhardt, Max Ophuls, and Billy Wilder had recourse to the cinema of Weimar Germany so as to articulate a personal sense of loss and cultural malaise that befell them in Hollywood.

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